5G network, 5th generation of mobile networks is coming soon. Read about a new revolutionary technology that is the main platform for Internet of Things.
What 5G is bringing new?
The 5G mobile network enables the Network Society – a society in which everyone and everything will be interconnected and have an Internet connection. The Internet of Things or IoT enables interconnection of almost every device – the Thing. The things will be equipped with sensors that will send data to the internet. There will be the servers with analytics tools (even Machine Learning algorithms), which will convert this data into useful information for different consumers. 5th generation mobile technology and Cloud based environment are the main framework for IoT.
Read more about the Internet of Things, the technology which will soon completely change we live on IoT – Internet of Things – The Next Big Thing.
For IoT, we need the new kinds of networks – LPWA or Low Power Wide Area Networks. This kind of network enables a very high number of devices simultaneous internet connection. Range of this network is wider and the Battery life of the devices is incredibly long.
5G Network Solutions for the IoT
Internet of Things has a great number of different use cases, so 5G network is a bundle of different technologies that complement each other:
- Extended Coverage GSM Internet of Things – Ec-GSM-IoT
- Category M1 – Cat-M1
- Narrow Band Internet of Things – NB-IoT
Extended Coverage GSM Internet of Things – Ec-GSM-IoT
- Large number of devices
- Long battery life – up to 10 years
- For slow applications
EC-GSM-IoT is LPWA – Low Power Wide Area 5G network technology. It is based on enhanced GPRS (enhanced 2G mobile technology). It is designed for high capacity, long range and low power consumption with low complexity mobile wireless internet. Ec-GSM-IoT enables a peak throughput of 473 kbps in uplink and downlink direction.
It can be implemented in the old existing GSM network by a software upgrade. Battery life of 10 years for embedded sensors makes Extended Coverage GSM Internet of Things suitable for very different kinds of applications.
Category M1 – Cat-M1
- Huge Number of devices,
- Long battery life – up to 10 years,
- Secure private network,
- Higher speeds.
Category M1 is 5G network LTE technology designed for Internet of Things applications. Battery life can be extended up to 10 years. It will provide peak throughput of 800 kbps in uplink and downlink, and it will enable a huge number of devices per cell – up to a million.
Cat-M1 works in licensed spectrum (secure private network) and is for devices with long battery life with slow to medium throughput.
Different applications will use Category M1:
- Smart homes,
- Smart buildings,
- Smart cities,
- Fitness wearables,
- Industrial monitoring.
Narrow Band IoT – NB-IoT
- For indoor coverage – big buildings and underground,
- Low cost technology,
- Long battery life – up to 10 years,
- Secure and reliable data transfer,
- Low speed,
- Large number of devices.
Narrow Band IoT is LPWAN 5G network technology designed for IoT and it focuses on indoor coverage – buildings and underground. The same as two previous technologies, it is low cost, enables long battery life and for a large number of devices.
It operates in licensed spectrum, which means it is secure and reliable. It focuses on low speed and reliable data transfer.
NB-IoT will be for the following applications:
- Smart Metering – gas, water, electricity,
- Smart Cities – streetlights, parking, waste management,
- Smart Buildings – alarm, access controls,
- Agriculture – animal tracking, land monitoring,
- Environment – environment monitoring, pollution monitoring,
- Consumer – white goods, people tracking.
Read more about 5G network from the best 5G vendor in The 5G business potential.